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Bibliography of notable New Woman writers’ works, criticism, and current scholarship on the New Woman

We are always working on expanding this bibliography. Please feel free to send any suggestions and additions to this page to the Latchkey editors at

Jessica Cox, Petra Dierkes-Thrun A Bibliography of New Woman Criticism
Lisa Hager, Petra Dierkes-Thrun New Woman writers’ works
Anna Vaninskaya An E. Nesbit Bibliography

New Woman Writers’ Works and Related Primary Sources of Interest
Compiled by Lisa Hager, Petra Dierkes-Thrun

Anonymous (‘A Woman’) — ‘Women—Wives as Mothers.’  The Yellow Book 2 (1894): [11]–18.

Grant Allen (1848-1899)
‘Some Plain Words on the Woman Question.’  Fortnightly Review 46 (1889): 448–58.
The Woman Who Did.  Boston: Roberts/London: John Lane, 1895.
The Type-Writer Girl [as Olive Pratt Rayner].  London: Pearson, 1897; New York: Street & Smith, 1900.

William Barry
‘The Strike of a Sex.’  The Quarterly Review 179.358 (1894): 289-318.

Mary Elizabeth Braddon (1837-1915)
Henry Dunbar: The Story of an Outcast.  London: John Maxwell, 1864.
Lady Audley’s Secret.  London: Tinsley, 1862.

Mona Alison Caird (1854/5-1932)
‘A Defence of the So-Called Wild Women.’  Nineteenth Century 31 (May 1892): 811–29.
‘The Morality of Marriage.’ 1890.
‘Marriage.’  Westminster Review 30.2 (August 1888): 186-201.

Victoria Cross (Annie Sophie Cory) (1868-1952)
The Woman Who Didn't.  London: John Lane, 1895; Boston: Roberts, 1895.  Also published as A Woman Who Did Not. Boston: Roberts, 1895.
‘Theodora: A Fragment.” In Daughters of Decadence: Women Writers of the Fin de Siècle.  Ed. Elaine Showalter.  London: Virago, 1993.  6-37.
Anna Lombard. [1901.] London and New Work: Continuum, 2006.
Life’s Shop Window. London: Werner Laurie, 1907.

Ella D'Arcy (1857-1937)
Monochromes.  Boston: Roberts, 1895; London: John Lane, 1895.
The Bishop's Dilemma.  New York & London: John Lane, 1898.
Modern Instances.  New York & London: John Lane, 1898.

Ella Hepworth Dixon (Margaret Wynman) (1855-1932)
My Flirtations.  Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1893.
The Story of a Modern Woman.  London: Merlin Press Ltd., 1990.

George Egerton (Mary Chavelita Dunne Bright) (1859-1945)
Keynotes.  London: Elkin Mathews & John Lane, 1893; Boston: Roberts, 1894.
Discords.  London: John Lane, 1894; Boston: Roberts, 1894.
The Wheel of God.  London: Richards, 1898; New York: Putnam, 1898.

George Gissing (1857-1903)
New Grub Street: A Novel.  3 volumes, London: Smith, Elder, 1891; 1 volume, Troy, N.Y.: Brewster, 1904.
The Odd Women.  3 volumes.  London: Lawrence & Bullen, 1893.
In the Year of Jubilee.  3 volumes, London: Lawrence & Bullen, 1894; 1 volume, New York: Appleton, 1895.

Sarah Grand (1854-1943)
‘The New Aspect of the Woman Question.’  North American Review 158 (1894): 660–68.
‘The New Woman and the Old.’  Lady’s Realm (1898): 668–75.
The Heavenly Twins. Warrington: Privately printed, 1892; 3 volumes, London: Heinemann, 1893; 1 volume, New York: Cassell, 1893.  Excerpt republished as The Tenor and the Boy.  London: Heinemann, 1899.
The Beth Book.  London: Heinemann, 1897; New York: Appleton, 1897.

Eliza Lynn Linton (1822-1898)
The Girl of the Period and Other Social Essays. 2 volumes.  London: Richard Bentley & Son, 1883.
‘The Wild Women As Social Insurgents.”  Nineteenth Century 30 (October 1891): 596–605.

Florence Marryat (1833-1899)
The Blood of the Vampire. Ed. Greta Depledge.  Brighton: Victorian Secrets, 2009. 

Ouida (Marie Louise De La Ramee) (1839-1908)
‘The New Woman.’  North American Review 158 (1894): 610–19.
 [a response to Grand’s ‘The New Aspects of the Woman Question’].

Karl Pearson (1857-1936)
‘The Woman’s Question’ from The Ethic of Freethought (1888): 370–94.

George John Romanes (1848-1894)
“ Mental Differences Between Men and Women.”   Nineteenth Century 21 ( 1887): 654–72.

Olive Schreiner (1855-1920)
The Story of an African Farm: A Novel [as Ralph Iron].  2 volumes, London: Chapman & Hall, 1883; 1 volume, Boston: Little, Brown, 1883.

Edith Jemima Simcox (1844-1901)
“ The Capacity of Women,” September 1887.

William Thomas (W. T.) Stead (1849-1912)
‘The Book of the Month: The Novel of the Modern Woman.”   The Review of Reviews 10 (1894): 64-74.

Hugh Edward Millington Stutfield (1858-1929)
‘Tommyrotics.”  Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine 157.956 ( 1895): 833–45.


A Bibliography of New Woman Criticism
Compiled by Jessica Cox, Petra Dierkes-Thrun

Appignanesi, Lisa.  Mad, Bad and Sad: A History of Women and the Mind Doctors from 1800 to the Present.  London: Virago, 2008.

Ardis, Ann. New Women, New Novels: Feminism and Early Modernism.  New Brunswick: Rutgers UP, 1990.

--- ‘Organizing Women: New Woman writers, New Woman Readers, and Suffrage Feminism.’ Victorian Women Writers and the Woman Question. Ed. Nicola Diane Thompson.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1999.  189-203.

---, Teresa Mangum and Sally Mitchell. ‘The New Woman’s Work: Past, Present and Future.’ Nineteenth-Century Gender Studies 3 (2007).

Arnold, Edith.  Platonics.  Bristol, Thoemmes Press, 1995.

Beer, Janet and Ann Heilmann.  ‘”If I Were a Man”: Charlotte Perkins Gilman, Sarah Grand and the Sexual Education of Girls.’  Special Relationships: Anglo-American Antagonisms and Affinities.  Eds. Janet Beer and Bridget Bennett.  Manchester: Manchester UP, 2002.  178-201.

Beetham, Margaret.  A Magazine of Her Own? Domesticity and Desire in the Woman’s Magazine, 1800-1914.  London: Routledge, 1996

---, ed.  The New Woman and the Periodical Press.  Special issue.  Media History 7 (2001).

Bjørhovde, Gerd.  Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900.  Oslo: Norwegian UP, 1987.

Bland, Lucy.  ‘The Married Woman, the “New Woman” and the Feminist: Sexual Politics of the 1890s.’  Equal or Different: Women's Politics 1800-1914.  Ed. Jane Rendall.  Oxford: Blackwell, 1987.  141-64.

--- Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914.  London: Penguin, 1995.

Bogiatzis, Demetris.  ‘Sexuality and Gender: “The Interlude” of Sarah Grand’s The Heavenly Twins.’  English Literature in Transition 44 (2001): 46-63.

Boisseau, Tracey Jean.  White Queen:  May French-Sheldon and the Imperial Origins of American Feminism.  Bloomington: Indiana UP, 2004.

---.  ‘White Queens at the Chicago World’s Fair:  New Womanhood in the Service of Race, Class and Nation.’  Gender and History 12 (2000): 33-81. 

---.  Critical introduction and notes to Sultan to Sultan:  Adventures among the Masai and Other Tribes by May French-Sheldon. [1892.] Manchester University/St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

---.  ‘ They Called Me Bebe Bwana.’ Signs:  A Journal of Women and Culture in Society 21 (1995): 116-46.

Bonnell, Marilyn.  ‘ Sarah Grand and the Critical Establishment: Art for [Wo]man’s Sake.’   Tulsa Studies in Women’s Literature 14 (1995): 123-48.

--- ‘The Legacy of Sarah Grand’s The Heavenly Twins: A Review Essay.’ English Literature in Transition 36 (1993): 467-78.

Boumelha, Penny.  Thomas Hardy and Women: Sexual Ideology and Narrative Form.  Brighton: Harvester, 1982.

Brandon, Ruth.  The New Women and the Old Men: Love, Sex and the Woman Question.  London: Secker & Warburg, 1990.

Broomfield, A. L.  ‘Eliza Lynn Linton, Sarah Grand, and the Spectacle of the Victorian Woman Question: Catch Phrases, Buzz Words and Sound Bites.’  English Literature in Transition 47 (2004): 251-72.

Clarke, Norma.  ‘Feminism and the Popular Novel of the 1890s: A Brief Consideration of a Forgotten Feminist Novelist.’  Feminist Review 19-21 (1985): 91-104.

Cockroft, Irene and Susan Croft. Art, Theatre, and Women’s Suffrage. Twickenham: Aurora Metro Press, 2010.

Cosslett, Tess.  Woman to Woman: Female Friendship in Victorian Fiction.  Atlantic Highlands: Humanities Press International, 1988.

Crozier-De Rosa, Sharon.  ‘Marie Corelli's British New Woman: A threat to
Empire?’  The History of the Family 14 (2009): 416-429.

Cunningham, A. R.  ‘The “New Woman Fiction” of the 1890s.’  Victorian Studies 2 (1973): 177-86.

Cunningham, Gail.  The New Woman and the Victorian Novel.  London: Macmillan, 1978.

Dierkes-Thrun, Petra. ‘Incest and the Trafficking of Women in G.B. Shaw’s Mrs Warren’s Profession: “It Runs In the Family”.’ English Literature in Transition 49 (2006): 293-310.

---.  Salome’s Modernity: Oscar Wilde and the Aesthetics of Transgression.  Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2011.

Dowie, Menie Muriel.  Gallia. Everyman Paperback Classics, 1995.

Dowling, Linda.  ‘The Decadent and the New Woman in the 1890s.’  Nineteenth-Century Fiction 33 (1979): 434-53.

Durieux, Catherine. ‘Charlotte Perkins Gilman, utopiste féministe radicale?’  Cercles 7 (2003): 45-48.

Fernando, Lloyd.  ‘New Women’ in the Late-Victorian Novel.  University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State UP, 1977.

Flint, Kate.  The Woman Reader, 1837-1993.  Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Forward, Stephanie.  ‘Attitudes to Marriage and Prostitution in the Writings of Olive Schreiner, Mona Caird, Sarah Grand and George Egerton.’  Women’s History Review 8 (1999): 53-80.

Gabin, Jane S.  American Women in Gilded Age London: Expatriates Rediscovered. Gainesville: UP of Florida, 2006.

Garber, Marjorie.  Vested Interests: Cross-Dressing and Cultural Anxiety.  London: Penguin, 1993.

Gardiner, Juliet, ed.  The New Woman: Women’s Voices 1880-1918.  London: Collins and Brown, 1993.

Gardner, Viv and Susan Rutherford, eds.  The New Woman and Her Sisters: Feminism and Theatre 1850-1914.  New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992.

Gates, Joanne. Elizabeth Robins, 1982-1952: Actress, Novelist, Feminist.  Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P , 1994.

Gilbert, Sandra M. and Susan Gubar.  Sexchanges. Vol. 2 of No Man’s Land.  New Haven: Yale UP, 1989.

Gorsky , Susan R.  ‘The Art of Politics: The Feminist Fiction of Sarah Grand.’  Journal of Women’s Studies in Literature 1 (1979): 286-300.

Hamilton, Lisa K.  ‘New Woman and “Old” Men: Gendering Degeneration.’  Women and British Aestheticism.  Eds. Talia Schaffer and Kathy Alexis Psomiades.  Charlottesville: UP of Virginia, 1999.  62-80.

Hamilton, Susan, ed.  Criminals, Idiots, Women and Minors: Victorian Writing by Women on Women. Peterborough, Ont.; Orchard Park, NY: Broadview Press, 1995.

Heilmann, Ann, ed. The Late-Victorian Marriage Question: A Collection of Key New Woman Texts.  5 volumes.  London: Routledge/Thoemmes Press, 1998, 1883.

---, ed.  Sex, Social Purity and Sarah Grand.  4 volumes.  London and New York: Routledge, 2000. 

---.  ‘The New Woman in the New Millenium: Recent Trends in Criticism of New Woman Fiction.’  Literature Compass  3 (2005): 32-42.

---.  New Woman Strategies: Sarah Grand, Olive Schreiner, Mona Caird. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2004.

---.  ‘Narrating the Hysteric: Fin-de-siècle Medical Discourse and Sarah Grand’s The Heavenly Twins (1893).’  The New Woman in Fiction and in Fact.  Ed.  Angelique Richardson and Chris Willis.  Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.  123-36.

---.  New Woman Fiction: Women Writing First-Wave Feminism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000.

---, and Margaret Beetham.  New Woman Hybridities: Femininity, Feminism and International Consumer Culture, 1880-1930.  London and New York: Routledge, 2004.

---.  ‘(Un)Masking Desire: Cross-Dressing and the Crisis of Gender in New Woman Fiction.’  Journal of Victorian Culture  5 (2000): 83-111.

---.  ‘The “New Woman” Fiction and Fin-de-Siècle Feminism.’  Women’s Writing 3 (1996): 197-216.

---.  ‘Mona Caird (1854-1932): Wild Woman, New Woman, and Early Radical Feminist Critic of Marriage and Motherhood.’  Women’s History Review 5 (1996): 67-95.

---.  ‘Feminist Resistance, the Artist and “A Room of One’s Own” in New Woman Fiction.’  Women’s Writing (1995): 291-308.

---, ed.  Feminist Forerunners: New Womanism and Feminism in the Early Twentieth Century.  London: Pandora, 2003.

---, ed.   Masculinities, Maternities, Motherlands: Defining/Contesting New Woman Identities. Special issue.  Nineteenth-Century Feminisms 4 (2001).

--- and Margaret Beetham, eds. New Woman Hybridities: Femininity, Feminism, and International Consumer Culture, 1880-1930.  London: Routledge, 2004.

Helsinger, Elizabeth K., Robin Lauterbach Sheets and William Veeder.  The Woman Question: Society and Literature in Britain and America, 1837-1883. 3 vols. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1983.

Huddleston, Joan.  Sarah Grand: A Bibliography.  St. Lucia: Dept. of English, University of Queensland, 1979.

John, Angela V. Elizabeth Robins: Staging a Life, 1862-1952. London: Routledge, 1995.

---.  Evelyn Sharp: Rebel Woman, 1869-1955.  Manchester: Manchester UP, 2009.

Jump, Harriet Devine, ed.  Women's Writing of the Victorian Period 1837-1901: An Anthology.  Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1999.

Jusova, Iveta. The New Woman and the Empire. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 2005.

--- ‘Imperialist Feminism: Colonial Issues in Sarah Grand’s The Heavenly Twins and The Beth Book.’ English Literature in Transition 43 (2000): 298-315.

Kahane, Claire.  Passions of the Voice: Hysteria, Narrative and the Figure of the Speaking Woman, 1850-1914.  Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1995.
Kennedy, Meegan.  ‘Syphilis and the Hysterical Female: The Limits of Realism in Sarah Grand’s The Heavenly Twins.’  Women’s Writing 11 (2004): 259-80.

Kersley, Gillian.  Darling Madame: Sarah Grand & Devoted Friend.  London: Virago, 1983.

Kucich, John.  ‘Feminism’s Ethical Contradictions: Sarah Grand and New Woman Writing.’  The Power of Lies: Transgression in Victorian Fiction.  Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1994.  239-79. 

---. ‘Curious Dualities: The Heavenly Twins (1893) and Sarah Grand’s Belated Modernist Aesthetics.’ The New Nineteenth Century: Feminist Readings of Underread Victorian Fiction.  Eds. Barbara Leah Harman and Susan Meyer.  New York: Garland, 1996.  195-204.

Ledger, Sally.  ‘The New Woman and Feminist Fictions.’  The Cambridge Companion to the Fin de Siècle.  Ed. Gail Marshall.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007.  153-68.

---. The New Woman: Fiction and Feminism at the Fin de Siècle. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1997

---, and Scott McCracken, eds.  Cultural Politics at the Fin de Siècle.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1995.

--- and Roger Luckhurst, eds.  Fin de Siècle: A Reader in Cultural History c. 1880-1900.  Oxford, UK and New York:  Oxford UP, 2000.

Lloyd, Naomi.  ‘The Universal Divine Principle, the Spiritual Androgyne, and the New Age in Sarah Grand’s The Heavenly Twins.’  Victorian Literature and Culture 37 (2009): 177-96.

Lovell, Terry.  Consuming Fiction. London: Verso, 1987.

Lowenstein, Adam Seth.  ‘Not a Novel, nor Even a Well-Ordered Story: Formal Experimentation and Psychological Innovation in Sarah Grand’s The Heavenly Twins.’  Studies in the Novel 39 (2007): 431-47.

Mangum, Teresa.  Married, Middlebrow, and Militant: Sarah Grand and the New Woman Novel.  Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 1998 .

---.  ‘Style Wars of the 1890s: The New Woman and the Decadent.’  Transforming Genres: New Approaches to British Fiction of the 1890s. Ed. Nikki Lee Manos and Meri-Jane Rochelson.  New York: St Martin’s Press, 1994.  47-66.

Marcus, Sharon.  Between Women: Friendship, Desire, and Marriage in Victorian EnglandPrinceton: Princeton UP, 2007.

Marie, Caroline. ‘”Oh God that I were a writer!”: Ellen Terry ou l'incarnation du style selon Virginia Woolf.’ Cercles 14 (2005): 29-39

Marks, Patricia.  Bicycles, Bangs, and Bloomers: The New Woman in the Popular Press.  Lexington: UP of Kentucky, 1990.

Marshall, Gail, ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Fin de Siècle.  Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2007.

McArthur, Judith N.  Creating the New Woman: The Rise of Southern Women's Progressive Culture in Texas, 1893-1918.  Urbana: U of Illinois P, 1998. 

McElroy, Wendy.  Individualist Feminism of the Nineteenth Century: Collected Writings and Biographical Profiles.  Jefferson, NorthCarolina, and London: McFarland & Company, 2001.  

Miller, Elizabeth.  Framed: The New Woman Criminal in British Culture at the Fin de Siècle.  Ann Arbor: U of Michigan P, 2008. 

Miller, Jane Eldridge.  Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel.  London: Virago, 1994.

Mitchell, Sally. The New Girl: Girls’ Culture in England, 1880-1915. New York: Columbia UP, 1995.

Murphy, Patricia.  Time is of the Essence: Temporality, Gender, and the New Woman.  Albany: State U of New York P, 2000.  109-50.

Nelson, Carolyn Christensen.  British Women Fiction Writers of the 1890s.  London: Twayne, 1996.

---, ed.  A New Woman Reader: Fiction, Articles, and Drama of the 1890s.  Peterborough, Ont.; Orchard Park, NY: Broadview Press, 2001.

Oulton, Carolyn W de la L, and SueAnn Schatz, eds.  Mary Cholmondeley Reconsidered.  London: Pickering and Chatto, 2009.

Patterson, Martha H.  The American New Woman Revisited: A Reader, 1894-1930.  New Brunswick, NJ:  Rutgers UP, 2008.

Pykett, Lyn.  The “Improper’ Feminine: The Women’s Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing.  London: Routledge, 1992.

--- Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century.  London: Edward Arnold, 1995.

--- ‘ The Cause of Women and the Course of Fiction: The Case of Mona Caird.’  Gender Roles and Sexuality in Victorian Literature.  Ed.  Christopher Parker.  Aldershot: Scholar Press, 1995. 128-42.

---, ed.  Reading Fin de Siècle Fictions. London: Longman, 1996.

Richardson, Angelique.  Love and Eugenics in the Late Nineteenth Century: Rational Reproduction and the New Woman.  Oxford: Oxford UP, 2003.

--- ‘The Eugenization of Love: Sarah Grand and the Morality of Genealogy.’  Victorian Studies 42 (1999): 227-55.

---, ed.  Women Who Did: Stories by Men and Women, 1890-1914.  London: Penguin, 2002.

Robbins, Ruth.  Pater to Forster, 1873-1924.  Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Rogers, Juliette M.  Career Stories: Belle Epoque Novels of Professional Development.  University Park, PA: Penn State UP, 2007.

Rubinstein, David.  Before the Suffragettes: Women’s Emancipation in the 1890s.  Brighton: Harvester, 1986.

Schaffer, Talia.  Literature and Culture at the Fin de Siècle.  New York: PearsonLongman, 2007.

Senf, Carol A. “'Dracula' -- Stoker's response to the New Woman.”  Victorian Studies 31.1 (1882).

Shanley, Mary Lyndon.  Feminism, Marriage and the Law in Victorian England, 1850-1895.  London: IB Taurus & Co, 1989.

Showalter, Elaine.  A Literature of Their Own: British Women Novelists from Brontë to Lessing.  London: Virago, 1978.

---, ed.  Daughters of Decadence: Women Writers of the Fin de Siècle.  London: Virago, 1993. 

---.  The Female Malady: Women, Madness and English Culture, 1830-1980.  London: Virago, 1987.

---.  Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle.  London: Bloomsbury, 1991.

---.  ‘The New Women: The Feminine Predicament.’  Inventing Herself: Claiming a Feminist Intellectual Heritage.  London: Picador, 2001.  63-91. 

Smith-Rosenberg, Carroll.  ‘Discourses of Sexuality and Subjectivity: The New Woman, 1870-1936.’  Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past.  Ed. Martin Bauml Duberman, Martha Vicinus and George Chancey, Jr. London: Penguin, 1991.  264-80.

Stetz, Margaret Diane.  “New Grub Street and the Woman Writer of the 1890s.’ Transforming Genres: New Approaches to British Fiction of the 1890s.  Eds. Nikki Lee Manos and Meri-Jane Rochelson.  New York: St Martin’s Press, 1994.  21-46.

Stewart-Tanguy, Eleanor.  La nouvelle femme sur la scène britannique, 1890-1914.  2007.

Stolpa, Jennifer M.  ‘“I am not Esther”: Biblical Heroines and Sarah Grand's Challenge to Institutional Christianity in The Heavenly Twins.’ Silent Voices: Forgotten Novels by Victorian Women Writers.  Ed. Brenda AyresWestport: London: Praeger, 2003. 155-71.

Stubbs, Patricia.  Women and Fiction: Feminism and the Novel 1880-1920.  Brighton: Harvester, 1979.

Sutton-Ramspeck, Beth.  Raising the Dust: The Literary Housekeeping of Mary Ward, Sarah Grand, and Charlotte Perkins Gilman.  Athens: Ohio UP, 2004.

Thiry, Marie-Élise. ‘L'OEil de la narratrice dans “Prelude” de Katherine Mansfield.’ Cercles 1 (2000): 112-117

Trotter, David.  Cooking with Mud: The Idea of Mess in Nineteenth-Century Art and Fiction. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2000.

Tusan, Michelle Elizabeth.  ‘Inventing the New Woman: Print Culture and Identity Politics during the Fin de Siècle.’  Victorian Periodicals Review 31 (1998): 169-82.

---. Women Making News: Gender and Journalism in Modern Britain. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2005.

Ussher, Jane.  Women’s Madness: Misogyny or Mental Illness?  New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1991.

VanArsdel, Rosemary T.  Florence Fenwick Miller: Victorian Feminist, Journalist and Educator.  Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001.

---.  ‘ Florence Fenwick Miller. ’ In Dictionary of National Biography: Missing Persons. Ed. C. S. Nicoll.  Oxford: Oxford UP, 1993.
---.  ‘ Mrs. Florence Fenwick Miller and the Woman’s Signal, 1895-1899.’ Victorian Periodicals Review 5 (1982): 107-18. 

---.  ‘ Victorian Periodicals Yield Their Secrets: Florence Fenwick Miller’s Three Campaigns for the London School Board.’ History of Education Society Bulletin (1986).

Vicinus, Martha.  ‘Turn-of-the-Century Male Impersonation: Rewriting the Romance Plot.’  Sexualities in Victorian Britain.  Eds. Andrew H. Miller and James Eli Adams.  Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1996.  187-213.

Wagner, Tamara.  Antifeminism and the Victorian Novel: Rereading Nineteenth-Century Women Writers.  Amherst, NY: Cambria, 2009.

Walkowitz, Judith R.  City of Dreadful Delight: Narratives of Sexual Danger in Late-Victorian London.  London: Virago, 1992.

Wheelwright, Julie.  Amazons and Military Men: Women Who Dressed as Men in Pursuit of Life, Liberty and Happiness. London: Pandora, 1989.

Willis, Chris and Angelique Richardson, eds.  The New Woman in Fact and in Fiction.  Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2000.

Wright, Maureen. “The Emancipation Union and Radical Feminist Politics in Britain, 1891-99.” Gender & History 22 (2010): 382-406.


An E. Nesbit Bibliography
Compiled by Anna Vaninskaya

Nesbit articles/stories/poems in The New Age [The Modernist Journals Project]
plus W. R. Titterton, “E. Nesbit Among the Fairies,” The New Age, January 14, 1909, p. 246-7.
Ballads and Lyrics of Socialism, 1883-1908 (1908)
‘Fabian Bland,” The Prophet's Mantle (1885) (inspired by Kropotkin)
See also her adult novels; collections of stories (e.g. The Book of Dragons (1900), These Little Ones (1909); The Magic World (1912) (children’s); In Homespun (1896) (regional literature); retellings of Shakespeare); and other poetry collections like Lays and Legends (1886), A Pomander of Verse (1895), Songs of Love and Empire (1898), The Rainbow and the Rose (1905), Many Voices (1922) [all of the above available online at]
List of all Nesbit first editions excluding poetry may be found here:

Briggs, Julia.  A Woman of Passion: The Life of E. Nesbit. 1987. Stroud: Tempus, 2008. 
Moore, Doris Langley. E. Nesbit: A Biography (1933/1967)
Nesbit, E. “My School-Days,” The Girl’s Own Paper, Oct. 1896-Sep. 1897


Ian Britain, Fabianism and Culture: A Study in British Socialism and the Arts c. 1884-1918 (1982)
Caroline Sumpter, The Victorian Press and the Fairy Tale (2008), esp. ch. 4 on socialist children’s fiction

Kath Filmer, ed., The Victorian Fantasists: Essays on Culture, Society and Belief in the Mythopoeic Fiction of the Victorian Age . New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1991 .
Colin Manlove, The Fantasy Literature of England. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1999 .
---, From Alice to Harry Potter: Children's Fantasy in England . Cybereditions, 2003.
Richard Mathews, Fantasy: The Liberation of Imagination. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
Karen Michalson, Victorian Fantasy Literature: Literary Battles With Church and Empire. Ceredigion: Edwin Mellen Press, 1990.
Stephen Prickett, Victorian Fantasy. Waco: Baylor UP, 1979.
Eric Rabkin, The Fantastic in Literature. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1976.
Tzvetan Todorov, The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre. Ithaca: Cornell UP, 1975.

Children’s Literature
Butts, Dennis ed., Stories and Society: Children’s Literature in its Social
Context (1992)
Dusinberre, Juliet, Alice to the Lighthouse: Children’s Books and Radical Experiments in Art (1999)
Egoff, Sheila et. al., eds., Only Connect: Readings on Children's Literature (1996)
Lesnik-Oberstein, Karin, ed., Children’s Literature: New Approaches (2004)
Natov, Roni, The Poetics of Childhood (2003)
Sander, David, The Fantastic Sublime: Romanticism and Transcendence in Nineteenth-century Children's Fantasy Literature (1996)
Thacker, Deborah, Cogan and Jean Webb, Introducing Children’s Literature, from Romanticism to Postmodernism (2002)
The books of Peter Hunt

Children’s Literature
Children’s Literature Association Quarterly
The Lion and the Unicorn (ed. Zipes)
Journal of Children’s Literature Studies

Theory of Children’s Literature bibliography
See also Roehampton and other university children’s centres sites

Nesbit Criticism

Jenny Bavidge, “Treasure Seekers in the City: London in the Novels of E. Nesbit,” in Lawrence Phillips, ed. The Swarming Streets: Twentieth-century Literary Representations of London (2004), 45-59.
Anthea Bell, E. Nesbit (1960)
Julia Briggs, “Women Writers and Writing for Children: From Sarah Filding to E. Nesbit’ (pp. 221-50) and W. W. Robson,  “E. Nesbit and The Book of Dragons’ (pp. 251-70) in Gillian Avery and Julia Briggs, eds., Children and Their Books: A Celebration of the Work of Iona and Peter Opie (1989).
Marcus Crouch, The Nesbit Tradition: The Children's Novel in England, 1945-1970 (1972)
Cathrine Frank, “Tinklers and Time Machines: Time Travel in the Social Fantasy of E. Nesbit and H. G. Wells,” in Carrie Hintz and Elaine Ostry, eds. Utopian and Dystopian Writing for Children and Young Adults (2003), 72-88.
Raymond E. Jones, ed. E. Nesbit's Psammead Trilogy: A Children's Classic at 100 (2006)
* Claudia Nelson, The “It’ Girl (and Boy): Ideologies of Gender in the Psammead Trilogy
* Monica Flegel, A Momentary Hunger: Fabianism and Didacticism in E. Nesbit's Writing for Children
* Mavis Reimer, The Beginning of the End: Writing Empire in E. Nesbit's Psammead Books
* Teya Rosenberg, Generic Manipulation and Mutation: E. Nesbit's Psammead Series as Early Magical Realism
* Naomi Wood, Materiality, the Wish, and the Marvelous: E. Nesbit's Comic Spirituality in the Psammead Trilogy
* Donna R. White, Communicating Humor in E. Nesbit's Fantasy Trilogy
* David Rudd, Where It Was, There Shall Five Children Be: Staging Desire in Five Children and It
* Jan Susina, Textual Building Blocks: Charles Dickens and E. Nesbit's Literary Borrowings in Five Children and It
* Ann Dowker, Five Children and It: Some Parallels with the Nineteenth-Century Moral Tale
* Suzanne Rahn, News from E. Nesbit: The Story of the Amulet and the Socialist Utopia
* Julia Briggs, The Amulet and Other Stories of Time
* Jennifer Marchant, “Exactly As It Was’? H.R. Millar's Expansions and Subversions of the Psammead Trilogy
* Esther Gilman Richey, Only Half Magic: Edward Eager's Revision of Nesbit's Psammead Trilogy
Anita Moss, “E. Nesbit's Romantic Child in Modern Dress,” in James Holt McGavran Jr., ed., Romanticism and Children's Literature in Nineteenth-Century England (1991), 225-47.
Amelia A. Rutledge, “E. Nesbit and the Woman Question,” in Nicola Diane Thompson ed., Victorian Women Writers and the Woman Question (1999), 223-40.
Louisa A. Smith, “The Magician's Conjuror: E. Nesbit's Illustrator, H. R. Millar,” in Priscilla Ord ed., The Child and the Story: An Exploration of Narrative Forms (1983), 130-136.
Barbara Smith,  “The Expression of Social Values in the Writing of E. Nesbit,” in Francelia Butler and Bennett A. Brockman, eds., Children's Literature: The Great Excluded (1974), 153-64.
Noel Streatfield, Magic and the Magician: E. Nesbit and Her Children's Books (1958)

Anderson, Susan:  “Time, Subjectivity, and Modernism in E. Nesbit's Children's Fiction,” Children's Literature Association Quarterly (32:4) 2007 Winter, 308-22.
Bar-Yosef, Eitan: “E. Nesbit and the Fantasy of Reverse Colonization: How Many Miles to Modern Babylon?’ English Literature in Transition (46:1) 2003, 4-28.
Briggs, Julia:  “E. Nesbit, the Bastables, and The Red House: A Response,” Children's Literature (25) 1997, 71-85.
Chaston, Joel D:  “Polistools and Torquilstone: Nesbit, Eager, and the Question of Imitation,” The Lion and the Unicorn: A Critical Journal of Children's Literature (17:1) 1993 June, 73-82.
Fromm, Gloria G.:  “E. Nesbit and the Happy Moralist,” Journal of Modern Literature (11:1) 1984 Mar., 45-65.
Frye, Lowell T.:  “The Ghost Story and the Subjection of Women: The Example of Amelia Edwards, M. E. Braddon, and E. Nesbit,” VIJ: Victorians Institute Journal (26) 1998, 167-209.
Gubar, Marah:  “Partners in Crime: E. Nesbit and the Art of Thieving,” Style (35:3) 2001 Fall, 410-29.
Hall, Linda: “Aristocratic Houses and Radical Politics: Historical Fiction and the Time-Slip Story in E. Nesbit's The House of Arden,” Children's Literature in Education (29:1) 1998 Mar, 51-58.
Knoepflmacher, U. C.:  “Of Babylands and Babylons: E. Nesbit and the Reclamation of the Fairy Tale,” Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature (6:2) 1987 Fall, 299-325.
McGillis, Rod:  “E. Nesbit, Pathfinder,” Children's Literature (36) 2008, 228-234, 273.
Manlove, Colin:  “Fancy as witty conceit: E. Nesbit,” Mosaic (10:2) 1977, 109-30.
Nicholson, Mervyn:  “C. S. Lewis and the Scholarship of Imagination in E. Nesbit and Rider Haggard,” Renascence: Essays on Values in Literature (51:1) 1998 Fall, 41-62.
Noimann, Chamutal: “'Poke Your Finger into the Soft Round Dough': The Absent Father and Political Reform in Edith Nesbit's The Railway Children,” Children's Literature Association Quarterly (30:4) 2005 Winter, 368-85.
Reimer, Mavis:  “Treasure seekers and invaders: E. Nesbit's cross-writing of the Bastables,” Children's Literature (25) 1997, 50-9.
Rothwell, Erika:  “'You catch it if you try to do otherwise': the limitations of E. Nesbit's cross-written vision of the child,” Children's Literature (25) 1997, 60-70.
Sircar, Sanjay:  “One Tale for Four and New Morals for Old: The Construction and Themes of E. Nesbit's “The Magician's Heart',” Folklore: Electronic Journal of Folklore (22) 2002 Dec, 8-32.
---.  “The generic decorum of the burlesque Kunstmärchen: E. Nesbit's “The Magician's Heart’,” Folklore 1999, 75-91.
Stetz, Margaret D.:  “'The Mighty Mother Cannot Bring Thee In': E. Nesbit in the Wilderness,” Victorian Poetry (33:2) 1995 Summer, 221-32.
Stetz, Margaret D.:  “Turning Points: E. Nesbit,” Turn-of-the-Century Women (4:2) 1987 Winter, 2-10.